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Ransomware is gaining worldwide attention recently, especially after the WannaCry attack that infected more than 200,000 computers in over 150 countries. As a business owner, you should be aware of the dangers of ransomware, as well as the protective measures you can use for all your systems. One such measure is the knowledge and expertise of an IT support professional in Houston. Here are some facts about ransomware and what you (and your IT support provider) can do to combat it.
Ransomware is a type of malware that locks your computer and holds your entire files hostage until you pay a certain amount of money. There are two main types of ransomware: lockscreen ransomware and the more troublesome encryption ransomware. Lockscreen ransomware displays a full-screen message that prevents you from interacting normally with your device, demanding a ransom to unlock it again. Encryption ransomware scrambles your files, demanding a fee be paid for the encryption key needed to unscramble them again.
Sandboxing is a vital security practice that isolates programs, preventing malicious or malfunctioning programs from damaging the rest of your computer. The fun part is you can create your own sandboxes to test applications.
Another way to safeguard your business is to maintain good security. With the help of your IT support provider in Houston, install anti-malware utilities on your device, update all applications and software regularly, and use a reliable backup and recovery system to prevent data loss.
Typically, ransomware infects your system when you visit a website that forces your device to download malicious code. You may also be tricked into downloading ransomware disguised as something else, such as an email attachment or a software utility.
You can usually remove ransomware with standard anti-malware utilities. If you’re locked out of your device, it may be possible to regain access if you reboot it in safe mode.
Your ability to recover your files depends on whether someone encrypts your files and what recovery systems you have in place. Some ransomware only claims to encrypt files but doesn’t actually do so. In this case, it may be enough to simply remove the infection. If your files are encrypted, you may need to restore them from backups. Your system must be cleared of any malware before recovery can take place.
Your IP address isn’t normally hidden unless you take steps to conceal it. There are a great many tools that can uncover your IP— the ransomware creator probably included such a tool in their design.
No. This is a ruse the malware developer employs to make you pay. Ransomware messages can look convincing, with the names and logos of legal authorities prominently displayed. However, law enforcement will not interact with you in this way.
Whether or not you decide to pay will depend on your situation. Be aware that paying the ransom may not allow you to regain access to your files. If you do pay, the culprit may target you for future attacks.
If you’ve paid using a credit or debit card, or an online payment service such as PayPal, you might be able to recover the money from your payment provider. If you’ve used a digital currency such as Bitcoin, recovering the money may be difficult, if not impossible. Contacting law enforcement, such as the police, can be a useful first step.
Always remember that protection against malware is protection against ransomware. Keep your devices and systems secure and back up your files regularly to protect yourself against this kind of threat. For trusted IT support services in Houston that you can depend on, contact us at ICS today.